Following Tiger Trails
Situated in the Nainital district of Uttarakhand, Jim Corbett National Park is one of the oldest national parks in India established in 1936. At inception the name was Hailey National Park but later renamed in 1957 as Jim Corbett national park in the honor of conservationist and naturalist late Sir Jim Corbett. It is situated in the foothills of Himalayas covering an area of 521 km. The park was first to come under Project Tiger Initiative. It has been a haunt for tourists and wildlife lovers. Tourism activity is allowed only in selected areas of the reserve. There are 3 zones in the reserve; Jhirna, Bijrani and Dhikala. There are plenty of adventure activities like elephant safari, birding, tiger spotting and fishing.
The vivid mosaic of habitats- wet and dry, gentle and rugged, plain and mountainous supports various plants and animal species. The most famous residents of the park are The Majestic Bengal Tiger and Asiatic Elephants. An ecotourism destination, it contains 488 variant species of birds and a diverse fauna.
The old town of Almora was under the rule of Katyuri king Baichaldeo before its establishment. He donated most of the part of this land to a Gujarati Brahmin, named Sri Chand Tiwari. During the time when Chand kingdom was founded in Baramandal, this hill town of Almora was also founded at this centrally situated place in 1560 by Kalyan Chand.
The most visible trees in Corbett are Sal, Sissoo and Khair. Chir pine is the only conifer in the park. Date palms grow in open areas while Kanju, Jamun and Aamla are found scattered in the moist. Shrubs dominate the forest floor with some parts of Bamboos. Flowering trees add color to the forest main being semal(pink), dhak(orange), madaar(red) and amaltas(yellow).
Over 586 species of birds are categorized including eagle, parakeet and red jungle fowl. Being home to a good number of tigers, one can spot leopards, dears, sloth bear, Himalayan black bear, otter, jackal, chital, langur, porcupine and blue bull. In the summer Indian elephants, local crocodiles and pythons are also to be found.
It covers large distances and tracts of lands in the park. Open jeep offers complete view of wildlife along with safety of the tourists. One can hire the jeep from the main entry of the park.
It is the most traditional way of exploring the deep expansive park, the height of the animal ensuring a wider view of tigers and its Pug Marks.
Excursions in Corbett
It is a huge rock in the midst of Kosi river; 14km away. It is named after goddess Parvati being the prominent deity with Bhairon baba. Once the wishes are fulfilled, devotees dedicate umbrellas and bells at the temple.
Situated 25km away and surrounded by dense forests and pin drop silence, this 20m long fall is a sight to behold. Trekking, bird watching, leisure walks along with camping are routine activities here that make it a major tourist destination.
Corbett Wildlife Museum
It is a heritage museum where the memorabilia associated with Jim Corbett are preserved. Many heads of tigers and elephants hunted by British officials and hunters are also showcased here.
When to Visit
Best time to visit is mid November to mid June when it is open completely.
How to Reach
Patanagar is the nearest domestic airport 50 km away from the park and Delhi is the nearest international airport 235 m away.
Ramnagar railway station is the nearest railhead 12km away well connected to all major cities.
Uttarakhand State Transportation runs several buses with the option of private vehicles and cabs.